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Friday, November 27, 2020 | History

2 edition of Rationalization and reconstruction in the Soviet machine building industry, 1926-1934 found in the catalog.

Rationalization and reconstruction in the Soviet machine building industry, 1926-1934

David Randall Shearer

Rationalization and reconstruction in the Soviet machine building industry, 1926-1934

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  • 21 Currently reading

Published by UMI in Ann Arbor, Mich .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Pennsylvania, 1988.

Statementby David Randall Shearer.
Series88-24789
The Physical Object
Pagination4 microfiches ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13930467M

Science in Russia and the Soviet Union. This book is an excellent as an introductory chapter into the scientific culture of Russia. It begins with the development of science before the , under Imperial Russia, and it furthers the story on into the October Revolution and science under the Soviet Union.   The Industry Rationalization Promotion Law adopted in March marked the first implementation of the new government policy discussed above. Through this law, the automobile, steel, machine tool, and electric communications equipment industries were designated as key industries that ought to be rationalized. However, the construction industry couldn’t keep up with the pace of Pavlov’s ideas, and most of the centers were completed at least a decade after their design. By that time computers had shrunk, and the computer rooms were changed into conference rooms or left unused; an apt metaphor for the gulf between theory and practice in Soviet. An investigation carried out by the State Council for Technology in Poland in revealed that the following proportions of production technologies were obsolete compared with average world standards: 25 per cent in machine-building, 30 percent in the chemical industry and as much as 75 per cent in the textile industry.


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Rationalization and reconstruction in the Soviet machine building industry, 1926-1934 by David Randall Shearer Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rationalization and reconstruction in the Soviet machine building industry, Shearer, David Randall University Microfilms International], c Various Soviet organizations supervised construction of the open-hearth furnaces, transportation system, water supply, and other facilities.

Freyn Engineering, another U.S. consulting and engineering firm, joined with Soviet engineers in designing and constructing the Kuznetsk ironworks, another part of the regional plan.

1926-1934 book and achievements of the Soviet building industry in the field of safety Authors: caused by working conditions while operating at the flow line producing building machines and equipment of building industry enterprises.

Safety in erection of tall buildings, use of polymer and synthetic materials and other concomitant problems. Saadatmand, Yassaman. "International Trade and Investment in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union," New Hampshire, Shearer, David Randall. "Rationalization and Reconstruction in the Soviet Machine Building Industry, ," Pennsylvania, Summers, Jeffrey Alan.

"Monetary and Real Disequilibrium in Soviet-Type Economies," Purdue. In the s, rationalization is a very fashionable word in the Soviet Union. Under the influence of the ‘movement for the scientific organization of labour’, industry tries to obtain a maximum of productivity and profitability with a minimum expenditure of means.

During these years, this rationalizing process was applied to the Russian language as well: several texts in the s Cited by: 2. reconstructed by Soviet authorities.2 The most significant result of that period, however, was the creation of a large and efficient industry in the East.

POST-WAR RECONSTRUCTION The post-war plan resumed the construction programme inter-rupted by the war. In the South, where the industry. This argument, summarized above, is developed in David R. Shearer, "Rationalization and reconstruction in the Soviet machine building industry, " (University of Pennsylvania, unpublished Ph.D.

thesis, ). The “Building Socialism” in the early s. The War Communism and the NEP. The implementation of Soviet economic policy began with a wave of expropriations of private businesses and other measures, necessitated by the post-revolutionary turmoil and the emerging needs of the Red Army.

While in industry, rationalization has as its main goals the increase in production and the decrease of cost prices, in the domestic organization, it seek s to sim.

Military industry stands at the confluence of local, national and global processes. This paper examines the restructuring of this peculiar industry in one region, Scotland, from a perspective that. Among other dissertations with a local or sectoral focus are Shearer, David, “ Rationalization and Reconstruction in the Soviet Machine Building Industry, – ” (University of Pennsylvania, ); Strauss, Kenneth, “ The Transformation of the Soviet Working Class, – ” University of Pennsylvania, ); and Hoffmann, David Lloyd, “ Urbanization and Social Change during Soviet Industrialization.

Main Stalinist Reconstruction and the Confirmation of a New Elite, – Mark as downloaded. Stalinist Reconstruction and the Confirmation of a New Elite, – J. Eric Duskin (auth.) Year: You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read.

Rationalization and reconstruction in the Soviet machine building industry McGaw Zhang, Zhong The transfer of network technologies to China, Sivin Brunton, Deborah Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation in Britain, Rosenberg. The political collapse of the Soviet Union has been much better documented than the course of its economic and social disintegration.

To get an inside account, Ellman and Kontorovich questioned former top Soviet officials and economic and other policy advisors (both Soviet and foreign) who were privy not only to the data but also to the internal policy debate during the s.

The Soviet War Machine: An Encyclopedia of Russian Military Equipment and Strategy. Ray Bonds. Hamlyn, - Air forces - pages. All Book Search results » Bibliographic information. Title: The Soviet War Machine: An Encyclopedia of Russian Military Equipment and Strategy A Salamander book.

"The essays are broad enough in their themes, sophisticated enough in their interpretations, and focused enough in their discussions to lend themselves well to critical analysis by undergraduates."--Laurie Bernstein, Rutgers University, Camden "I consider the book to be one of the best readers available on the market for university courses on Soviet History or Modern Russian History."--Olga Reviews: 6.

The Soviet War Machine: An Encyclopedia of Russian Military Equipment and Strategy [Christopher Donnelly, Dr. James E. Doran Jr., Prof. Erickson, Kenneth W. Gatland, P.H. Vigor, Brigadier Shelford Bidwell, Air Vice-Marshall S.W.B Menaul, Bill Gunston, Capt.

J.E. Moore, Ray Bonds] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Soviet War Machine: An Encyclopedia of Russian Military Reviews: search Search the Wayback Machine. Featured texts All Books All Texts latest This Just In Smithsonian Libraries FEDLINK (US) Genealogy Lincoln Collection.

National Emergency Library. Top American Libraries Canadian Libraries Universal Library Community Texts Project Gutenberg Biodiversity Heritage Library Children's Library. played crucial roles in the development of Soviet rocketry, building the fi rst Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile, launching Sputnik, and sending the fi rst man into space.3 The Stalinist oppressive policies also adversely affected many other rocket engi-neers.

Boris Raushenbakh, a leading control systems engineer, was interned in a la. B COPY sxx FACULTYWORKING PAPERNO WorldWar IIandSovietEconomicGrowth, THELIBRARYORSQffl JULo UNIVERSITYOFILLINOIS. The Development of Soviet Machine Building.

By K. Klimenko. Abstract. In all stages of socialist construction the Communist Party gave and is giving great attention to the development of industry â the leading branch of the country's national economy.

‘Building Socialism’: Russia and the Soviet Union, –40 56 5. International Communism between the Two World Wars 78 6. What Do We Mean by a Communist System. part two: Communism Ascendant 7. The Appeals of Communism 8. Communism and the Second World War 9.

The Communist Takeovers in Europe – Indigenous Paths Gorbachev introduced policies designed to begin establishing a market economy by encouraging limited private ownership and profitability in Soviet industry and agriculture.

But the Communist control system and over-centralization of power and privilege were maintained and. Stalinist architecture, mostly known in the former Eastern Bloc as Stalinist style (Russian: Сталинский, romanized: Stalinskiy) or Socialist Classicism, is the architecture of the Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, between (when Boris Iofan's draft for the Palace of the Soviets was officially approved) and (when Nikita Khrushchev condemned "excesses" of the.

Sovetskoe foto (Soviet photography) was a Moscow-based journal dedicated to photography and photographic techniques. It was inaugurated by the writer and editor Mikhail Kol’tsov in April and acquired in by the Ogonek publishing company.

The building of commercial ships in the Soviet Union is an industry of recent origin. Before the war shipbuilding was confined almost entirely to the building of war vessels.

In fabricated metal utilized in the construction of merchant ships amounted. the chief administration for defense industry construction, formed around the outbreak of war.

Lastly, the defense complex should include the procurement agencies of the user departments, the commissariats of (8) defense (i.e. of the Army and Air Force) and (9) the Navy. The defense industry and the defense complex were, therefore, not coterminous.

4 Boris Shumiatskii (–), then head of Soviet cinema, visited the U.S. in July as part of a world tour of the film industry and was shown a rough cut of “Modern Times,” which he praised. Shumiatskii, “Za sovershenstvo masterstva,” Iskusstvo kino, no. 7, 6, 8 (); ibid. He was doubtless the most passionate exegete of Soviet Taylorism.

For Gastev, Taylor was modern industrialism’s greatest theoretician, and Henry Ford its greatest practitioner. Ford was a heroic figure for many in the Soviet Union during the s for his contribution to assembly-line production and his rationalization of labor practices.

Soviet design was a world of reverse-engineered knock-offs. The most notorious case is the Vyatka scooter, an ersatz Vespa, which even borrowed the same font for its logo. 2 Book Reviews 30% 3 Book Reviews 30% Final Essay 40% Final Essay 40% Readings & Films • Brown, Kate.

Biography of No Place: From Ethnic Borderland to Soviet Heartland. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, ; ISBN: • Dobson, Miriam. Khrushchev’s Cold Summer: Gulag Returnees, Crime, and the Fate of.

Russia - Russia - The Stalin era (–53): Stalin, a Georgian, surprisingly turned to “Great Russian” nationalism to strengthen the Soviet regime. During the s and ’40s he promoted certain aspects of Russian history, some Russian national and cultural heroes, and the Russian language, and he held the Russians up as the elder brother for the non-Slavs to emulate.

The value of the annual output of machine-tools rose from 3 billion to 33 billion rubles (in ‘stable prices’). (In the total output of the Soviet machine-building industry was 50 times higher than in ). Between and the number of workers and employees rose from million to 27 million.

Then after a 5-year period of rehabilitation, Soviet agriculture and industry were approaching the prewar level, and in the second half of the 's a main problem of the regime were the issues.

The modernist poet Alexei Gastev -- dubbed the "Ovid of engineers, miners, and metal workers," and a key supporter of modern architecture -- was the founding director of the Central Institute of Labor, an organization created by the Soviet state in to promote the implementation of scientific management in both industry and building.

Introduction: After the th revolution, the Soviet Union was restructured with new political system based on the Marxist-Leninist principles. The newly formed communist party by Lenin shows much interest in the media which serves to the working class in the country and their welfares.

So the Soviet. Fifty Years of Soviet Aircraft Construction A. Yakovlev. Year: Publisher: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Need help. Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. Save for later. Most frequently terms. soviet planes aviation industry combat range built construction “New Soviet Man” Inside Machine: Human Engineering, Spacecraft Design, and the Construction of Communism By Slava Gerovitch * ABSTRACT Soviet propaganda often used the Soviet space program as a symbol of a much larger and more ambitious political/engineering project—the construction of.

The best examples of Soviet architecture were built in the first 30 years of the USSR's existence. It was in this period that Moscow was adorned with the. The La Sarraz Declaration, announcing the group’s existence and program, outlined many of the major positive and negative bases of modern architecture that we have covered so far: the impact of the machine on modern society, the need for standardization and rationalization in building, the stultifying influence of the academies, and a.

Machines of communism serve the people: Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Communist Party, watches a demo of a specialized Soviet computer for engineering applications at an exhibit in Moscow. Courtesy of Boris Malinovsky. This proved to be a grave mistake. The centrally planned Soviet economy was poorly prepared for computerization.THE FIVE-YEAR PLAN OF THE SOVIET UNION THE FIVE -YEAR PLAN OF THE SOVIET UNION Political Interpretation.

BY. G. T. GRINKO INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHERS NEW YORK. COPYRIGHT,BY INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHERS CO., INC. This book is composed and printed by union labor. Printed in the U. S. A. We, the Bolshevik Party, have convinced Russia.

We have.The fifth element of Soviet foreign policy has been the belief that defense of the socialist commonwealth is critical to the vitality of the Soviet Union.

The construction of an interdependent socialist system, especially with countries in Eastern Europe, gradually supplanted the notion of socialism in one country. 3.